Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) previously known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome refers to the physical and/or neurodevelopmental disorder that can result from prenatal alcohol exposure. It is now considered a spectrum disorder due to the wide range of developmental impairments.
The reasons for alcohol consumption during the prenatal stage of pregnancy can be attributed to many reasons. It has often been found to be a result of experiencing some type of trauma, addiction or a lack of education around the risks involved with this behaviour. It is the leading cause of disability that is non-genetic and due to its high prevalence, it has become a public health issue for all women, of all cultures and socio-economic backgrounds. However, this can be improved. FASD is preventable and with increased awareness and understanding through education and knowledge of the disorder, these statistics can be changed.